NAGA CULT IN THE RURAL AREAS OF TAMIL NADU – THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA – INDIA FOLK ART A LOST WORLD

    ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

2008 2016

*******************************

INDIA FOLK ART A LOST WORLD

                                 INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD.JPG

 INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD 1.JPG
ETHNOFLORENCE
INDIAN AND HIMLAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART
ARCHIVE
INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD 2.JPG
ETHNOFLORENCE
INDIAN AND HIMLAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART
ARCHIVE
INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD 3.JPG
COMING SOON
 
§§§
******************************
THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA
 
 
The Grama devatas worship of South India have the extraordinary characteristic of representing the most ancient traditions of the earliest past brought into the vital present.
From the artistic view point the village temples have represented an outstanding expression of forms and sites unique to India and in the history of world art.
According to the opinion of Mr Stephen Inglis the massive terracotta horses of south India  “technically … are the most ambitious achievements in clay found in India and by any survey probably the largest hollow clay images to be created anywhere” (Stephen R. Inglis, “Night Riders: Massive Temple Figures of Rural Tamil Nadu, in V. Vijayavenugopala (ed.) A Festschrift for Prof. M. Shanmugam Pillai, Madurai University Press, 1980).
STOORS 1.JPG
 

Horses in a village sanctuary of Mariamman Polanalur (Namakkal), cover of the exhibition flyer devoted to the Grama Devatas at The William Benton Museum of Art (1985), Stoors CT, photo by Harry Holtzman; same subject of the Stella Kramrisch’s cover catalogue ‘Unknwon India Ritual Art in tribe and village’ (1968 Philadelphia Museum of Fine Art)
DSCF7194 plate IV V HH pics.JPG
Offering of votaries, village shrine of Mariamman; Tirripuyanam (Madura), detail, photo by Harry Holtzman, plate IV Stella Kramrisch’s catalogue ‘Unknown India Ritual Art in Tribe and Village’ (1968 Philadelphia Museum of Fine Art)
THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA (2).JPG
Crawling figure, Madura, terracotta h: 11 1/2″
n.104 in the Stella Kramrisch’s catalogue ‘Unknown India Ritual Art in Tribe and Village’ (1968 Philadelphia Museum of Fine Art).

THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA.JPG
Votive figure, n. 103 in the Stella Kramrisch’s catalogue ‘Unknown India Ritual Art in Tribe and Village’ (1968 Philadelphia Museum of Fine Art)
the village gods of South India NYC exhibition 1977.jpg
“Village Gods of South India” was an exhibition organized by the Neuberger Museum on the Purchase campus of the State University of New York under the direction of Mr Harry Holtzman and Mr Jeffrey Hoffeld. This exhibition was supported also by Mr John Irwin, at that time keeper of Oriental Art at the Victoria and Albert Museum of London and a foremost authority on Indian art, with a personal contribute, the short but intense text ‘Record of a Religion’.
THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA 3.JPG
Head of Hero,  n.105 in Stella Kramrisch’s catalogue ‘Unknown India Ritual Art in Tribe and Village’ (1968 Philadelphia Museum of Fine Art)
§
§
From Indian Earth, 4000 years of terracotta Art, Brooklyn Museum’s  exhibition with a section devoted to the Village gods of South India in which were showed photographs and terracotta objects from Harry Holtzman archive and collection.
This Dog figure was present also in the Stella Kramrisch’s exhibition ‘Unknown India Ritual Art in Tribe and village’ with the number 109 of her catalogue.
It come from the Pudukkottai shrine.
§§§
COMING SOON
§§§
**************************************
THE NAGA CULT IN THE RURAL AREAS OF TAMIL NADU
Photo courtesy of Christa Neuenhofer
01 PUTRU AMMAN KOVIL.jpg
PUTRU AMMAN KOVIL
02 PUTRU AMMAN ROAD SIDE SNAKE WORSHIP.jpg
PUTRU AMMAN ROAD SIDE SNAKE
WORSHIP
03 PUTRU AMMAN SNAKE SHRINE NEAR MAMALLAPURAM.jpg
PUTRU AMMAN SNAKE SHRINE
NEAR
MAMALLAPURAM
06 PUTRU AMMAN KOVIL.jpg
PUTRU AMMAN KOVIL
07 PUTRU AMMAN KOVIL.jpg 
PUTRU AMMAN KOVIL
08 FLOWERS FOR THE SNAKES IN OLD TERMITE HILLS (PUTRU).jpg
FLOWERS FOR THE SNAKES IN OLD TERMITE HILLS (PUTRU)
In rural areas of Tamil Nadu, it’s possible to meet snakes near ant hills and termite mounds, so both of which are regarded and believed as the entrances to the otherworld, for this reason these mounds are frequently marked with ash; offerings of milk or eggs are made by the devotes to the resident Naga. 
 

09 SNAKE SHRINE OM SARI BETWEEN MAMALLAPURAM AND KANCHIPURAM.jpg
SNAKE SHRINE OM SARI BETWEEN MAMALLAPURAM
AND KANCHIPURAM
010 SNAKE SHRINE ON THIRUVAKKARAI VAKKRAKALI TEMPLE COMPOUND.jpg
SNAKE SHRINE ON THIRUVAKKALI
TEMPLE
COMPOUND
011 THIRUVAKKARAI.jpg
THIRUVAKKARAI
012 THIRUVAKKARAI VAKKRAKALI TEMPLE a.jpg
THIRUVAKKARAI
013 THIRUVAKKARAI VAKKRAKALI TEMPLE.jpg
THIRUVAKKARAI
014 THIRUVAKKARAI VAKKRAKALI TEMPLE.jpg
THIRUVAKKARAI
015 SNAKE WORSHIP NEAR KANCHIPURAM.jpg
SNAKE WORSHIP
NEAR
KANCHIPURAM
016 SNAKE RELIEF AT TANJOR TEMPLE.jpg
SNAKE KALI TEMPLE
NEAR
SALEM
SNAKE KALI TEMPLE NEAR SALEM 1.jpg
SNAKE KALI TEMPLE
NEAR
SALEM
SHIVALAYAM TEMPLE NEAR SALEM.jpg
SNAKE KALI TEMPLE NEAR
SALEM
SHIVALAYAM TEMPLE NEAR SALEM (2).jpg
SHIVALAYAM TEMPLE NEAR
SALEM
NAMANA SAMUDHRAM AYYANAAR TEMPLE.jpg
NAMANA SAMUDHRAM
AYYANAR TEMPLE
020 SNAKE STELES IN KALI TEMPLE NEAR SALEM.jpg
SNAKES STELES IN KALI TEMPLE
NEAR SALEM
MUTHIAH MARIAMMAN TEMPLE NEAR MADURAI.jpg
MUTHIAH SWAMI
MARIAMMAN TEMPLE NEAR
MADURAI
MUTHIAH SWAMI MARIAMMAN TEMPLE NEAR MADURAI.jpg
MUTHIAH SWAMI MARIAMMAN TEMPLE
NEAR MADURAI
MUTHIAH SWAMI MARIAMMAN TEMPLE NEAR MADURAI 1.jpg
MUTHIAH SWAMI
MARIAMMAN TEMPLE NEAR
MADURAI
MUTHIAH SWAMI MARIAMMAN TEMPLE NEAR MADURAI (2).jpg
MUTHIAH SWAMI
MARIAMMAN TEMPLE NEAR
MADURAI
Photo courtesy of Christa Neuenhofer
 
§§§§
***************************************
FROM THE LAND OF THE GODS
ART OF THE KATMANDU VALLEY
 
 
FEBRUARY 8, 2008 – MARCH 8, 2011
RUBIN MUSEUM OF ART
NEW YORK
ETHNOFLORENCE
INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART
PHOTO ARCHIVE
PART I
016.JPG
PANCHMUKHA BHAIRAVA THE TERRIBLE ONE WITH FIVE FACES
Nepal 14th century
Shiva, in his form as the wrathful Bhairava, a blood sacrifice or alcohol are traditional offering used in the worship of the god.
017.JPG
The earrings on this sculpture represent Shiva’s iconography: a snake for the right and a ring for the left
018.JPG
Detail
024.JPG
MAHAKALA
THE GREAT BLACK ONE
Nepal 18th century, Wood
025.JPG
The wrathful MAHAKALA is a protector of the Katmandu Valley and is practiced by both the Buddhist and Hindu religions.
026.JPG
Detail
DSCF1361.JPG
DURGA
FEARSOME GODDESS
NEPAL 11th century

DSCF1364.JPG
copper répousseé
DSCF1365.JPG
All three of these medallions depicts goddesses worshiped in the Katmandu Valley almost thousand years ago.
These objects predate the early Malla kings who formally instituited Hinduism in Nepal in the 13th century.
The largest of the medallions offers an intricate depiction of then armed form of Durga.
The other two medallions depict goddesses preforming various movements and hand gesture.
********************
STAY IN TOUCH WITH US
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER
********************************************
 
Advertisements

THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA TAMIL NADU AIYANAR TERRACOTTA HORSES INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD COMING SOON

      ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

3226238178.JPG

2008 2016

***************************

THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA

UNKNOWN INDIA front cover HH pic.JPG

HORSES IN A VILLAGE SANCTUARY OF MARIAMMAN POLANALUR NAMAKKAL – COVER PAGE OF THE CATALOGUE ‘UNKNOWN INDIA RTUAL ART IN TRIBE AND VILLAGE’ PHOTO HARRY HOLTZMAN
 
 THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA 2.JPG
VOTIVE TERRACOTTA FIGURE IN NAMASTE POSTURE HARRY HOLTZMAN
COLLECTION ETHNOFLORENCE INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART ARCHIVE
the village gods of south india.JPG
INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD
INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD.JPG
INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD
INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD (2).JPG
COMING SOON
ETHNOFLORENCE
INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL
ART ARCHIVE
§§§
**********************************
MUSEE DE LA CASTRE
 CANNES, FRANCE, Himalayan Classic, Folk and Tribal Arts new stuff.
ETHNOFLORENCE Indian and Himalayan Folk and Tribal arts photo Archive.
MUSEE DE LA CASTRE CANNES.jpg
MUSEE DE LA CASTREE CANNES FRANCE
MUSEE DE CASTRE CANNES 2.JPG
MUSEE DE LA CASTRE CANNES FRANCE
MUSEE DE LA CASTRE CANNES 3.JPG
And about the old stuff on
*********************************************
MASKS OF THE HIMALAYAS
MASK
(Inventory no 25)

IMG_8335.JPG

IMG_8337.JPG

COMING SOON
ETHNOFLORENCE INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL
ART ARCHIVE

Old nepalese phurbu

DHYANGRO HANDLE FROM ETHNOFLORENCE INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART ARCHIVE

STAY IN TOUCH WITH US

SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER

01 DHYANGRO DRUM NEPAL SHAMAN.JPG
DHYANGRO HANDLE
DETAIL
02 DHYANGRO DRUM NEPAL.JPG
DHYANGRO HANDLE
DETAIL
03 DHYANGRO DRUM NEPAL.JPG
ETHNOFLORENCE
INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART
ARCHIVE
§
THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA
THE VILLAGE GODS OF SOUTH INDIA.JPG
SEE MORE ON
ETHNOFLORENCE
INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART
ARCHIVE
§
INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD
indian folk bronze.JPG
COMING SOON
ETHNOFLORENCE
INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART
ARCHIVE
§
RICHARD LAIR COLLECTION A SENSITIVE
SELECTION

DHYANGRO DRUM HANDLE NEPAL

ANCIENT DHYANGRO HANDLE COLLECTED IN THE MID 80’S FROM ETHNOFLORENCE INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART ARCHIVE

STAY IN TOUCH WITH US

SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER

01 DHYANGRO NEPAL.JPG
DHYANGRO HANDLE DETAIL
02 DHYANGRO NEPALESE SHAMAN.JPG
DHYANGRO HANDLE DETAIL
03 DHYANGRO NEPALESE SHAMAN.JPG
DHYANGRO HANDLE DETAIL
04 DHYANGRO DRUM NEPALESE SHAMAN.JPG
DHYANGRO HANDLE
DETAIL
05 DHYANGRO RITUAL DRUM NEPALESE SHAMAN.JPG
DHYANGRO HANDLE
DETAIL
§
ETHNOFLORENCE
INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART
ARCHIVE
§
INDIAN FOLK ART A LOST WORLD
DSCF9420.JPG
COMING SOON

Very old Terai nepalese mask

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

2008 2016

***********************************

MASK

(Inventory no 61)

SOUTHERN NEPAL MALE CROWNED MASK

STAY IN TOUCH WITH US

SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER

01 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK FRONTAL VIEW
02 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK FRONTAL VIEW DETAIL
TRACE OF POLICHROMY
THE MASK WAS
REPAINTED
03 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK SIDE A VIEW
04 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK SIDE A VIEW DETAIL
05 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK SIDE A DETAIL OF THE CROWN
ORIGINALLY PAINTED WITH BLU AND
YELLOW VIVID COLORS
06 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK SIDE A ANOTHER DETAIL
WITH
INTERESTING TRACES OF RED CHROMY
07 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK SIDE B VIEW
08 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK SIDE B VIEW DETAIL
MORE EVIDENT HERE
THE USE OF RED BLACK AND
YELLOW COLORS
09 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK SIDE B CROWN DETAIL
010 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK BASE OF THE ITEM VIEW
011 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK BASE VIEW DETAIL
012 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK TOP VIEW
013 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK TOP VIEW DETAIL
014 NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK BACK SIDE VIEW
NEPAL MASK.JPG
NEPAL MASK BACK SIDE VIEW DETAIL
ETHNOFLORENCE
INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ART
ARCHIVE

SANTAL FOLK ARTS A RESUME

TRIBAL ART OF THE SANTAL PEOPLE ETHNOFLORENCE INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBALA ARTS ARCHIVE

00126 santal tribal art.JPG
Links from Ethnoflorence Indian and Himalayan Folk and Tribal Art, Art Premiers Art Primitive Collection Bruxelles, Hervé Pedriolle Collection, IGCNA Org, Tribal Art the World of Tribal Art magazine.
 
About the Santal Banam see more on:
http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6109784/14-dhodro-banam-santal-banam-santal-people-lu
http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/post/6241521/art-et-musique-des-santal-vieles-dhodro-banam
http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/post/6250339/art-et-musique-des-santal-vieles-dhodro-banam
http://www.tribalarts.com/feature/santal/
About the Santal panels see more on:
http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/post/6221941/panneaux-de-palanquins-de-mariage-santal
http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7109086/santal-parganas-people-carved-wodden-panels-o
About the Santal flutes see more on:
 http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/6163132/4-tribal-santal-flutes-santal-people-tribal-a .
About the Santal painted scrolls from Hervé Pedriolle collection  see more on:
http://santalparganas.blogspot.com/
About the Oral Tradition and Primal Elements in the Santhal Musical Texts see the interesting writing  by Mr Onkar Prasad  on:
http://ignca.nic.in/ps_01014.htm .
About the carved Santal doors see more on:
http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/post/5546402/portes-santal–orissa-bihar