A Terai Nepalese Mask in the Collection of the Musee de la Castre in Cannes – A research between Catalogs and Exhibitions over the years

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

2008 – 2020

***

In This Number:

(1)

A Nepalese Mask – research between Catalogs and Exhibitions over the years

(2)

Photo of the Day

Darjeeling Masked Group of Lamas and some insight on the Tibetan Deer Mask’s Dance

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(1)

Mask of the Week

A research between Catalogs and Exhibitions over the years

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Published in “Masques de L’Himalaya Du Primitif au Classique” in 1989 (no 30) with the caption of Masque Representant un Personnage a Couronne, (Nepal. Terai H. 34 cm Collection Edgar Siksik, Paris) this mask later became part of the collection of the Musee de la Castre of Cannes (FRA).

The Mask was in 1997 published in the exhibition’s catalog devoted to 30 years of the Museum’s acquisitions – titled : Voyages Immobiles Trente Ans d’Acquisitions D’Art Primitif Du Musee De La Castre; and exhibited in the linked exhibition in Cannes (La Malmaison – 20 Decembre 1997 – 4 Mai 1998 )

Crowned Mask – Nepal. Terai. h. cm 34 Photo Ethnoflorence

The Mask has always been exhibited in the Himalayan room of the Museum. In the photo below we can see it in the old setting .

Musee de La Castre – Cannes before 2010 – Photo Ethnoflorence

After 2010 the mask is housed in a new and large showcase together with the other masks of the region – in the renovated Himalayan hall of the Museum.

Musee de La Castre – Cannes After 2010 – Photo Courtesy of Musee de La Castre – Cannes – All Rights Reserved

Which is the best exhibition set – up for this mask is a matter of taste – for a virtual visit to the old Himalayan room click the link

https://ethnoflorence.wordpress.com/2009/10/11/musee-de-la-castre-of-cannes-himalayan-room/?fbclid=IwAR3KJJjl5fxcDoTOoeRzp4JmuskXCG-enqSsjLEudlwIqD2Gr3MhBksPfVk

Musee de La Castre – Cannes before 2010 – Photo Ethnoflorence

For a virtual visit to the New Himalayan room click the link

https://ethnoflorence.wordpress.com/2009/12/27/musee-de-la-castre-cannes-france-himalayan-classic-folk-and-tribal-arts-new-stuff-ethnoflorence-indian-and-himalayan-folk-and-tribal-arts-photo-archive/

Musee de La Castre – Cannes after 2010 – Photo Ethnoflorence

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(2)

Darjeeling – Group of Lamas and some insight on the Deer Mask’s Dance

Note the presence of two Cerf Thérianthrope Tibetan’s masks

The masks could be linked to the Deer dance, a dance which consists of 4 acts: in the first, the envy of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas occurs – in the second offerings are made to these deities – in the third violent movements are practiced to overcome obstacles – in the fourth comes the request of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas to return to their own homes.

For some information on the Myth you can consult this article by Thomas Murray

https://www.asianart.com/articles/murray/index.html

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Last Updating 11.21.2020

Arts d’Afrique – d’Asie – d’Océanie – d’Amérique du nord (Orléans) chez Pousse Cornet – Valoir, 45000 Orléans (France) Le 30 juillet 2020 à 14h00

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

132
I Quaderni della Collezione – Nepalese Mask – extract from no 132 – Archivio Fotografico della Collezione Ethnoflorence Indian and Himalayan Folk and Tribal Arts

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

2008 – 2020

***

In this Number:

(1)

Upcoming Auctions

Pousse Cornet – Valoir

(2)

I Quaderni della Collezione Extracts from Our Photo Archives

(3)

Three rare Dharmapala painted Masks on leather, Tibet, in the Collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London

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(1)

UPCOMING AUCTIONS

Arts d’Afrique – d’Asie – d’Océanie – d’Amérique du nord (Orléans)

chez

Pousse Cornet – Valoir, 45000 Orléans

(France)

Le 30 juillet 2020 à 14h00

Please consult

the catalogue

here

https://poussecornet.auction.fr/_fr/vente/arts-d-afrique-d-asie-d-oceanie-d-amerique-du-nord-orleans-63143?page=2#.XxdqbJ5KjIU

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Lot 110

RAI ou TAMANG, Népal.
Très ancien masque sculpté dans un champignon de type amadouvier. Profonde patine d’usage brun-noir.
Haut : 20 cm.

https://poussecornet.auction.fr/_fr/lot/rai-ou-tamang-nepal-tres-ancien-masque-sculpte-dans-un-champignon-de-type-16743042#.Xxdrw55KjIU

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Lot 111

Rai ou Tamang, NEPAL.
Important et rare masque sculpté dans un champignon, vraisemblablement de type amadouvier.
XIXème siècle.
Dim : 34 cm.

Note the added nose detail – not uncommon in this type of mask

https://poussecornet.auction.fr/_fr/lot/rai-ou-tamang-nepal-important-et-rare-masque-sculpte-dans-un-champignon-16743043#.XxdsN55KjIU

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LOT 114

HIMACHAL PRADESH, Inde du nord-ouest.
Bois, patine noire, pigments polychromes.
Masque à poignée de danse « Fagli ».
Haut : 31,5 cm.

https://poussecornet.auction.fr/_fr/lot/himachal-pradesh-inde-du-nord-ouest-bois-patine-noire-pigments-16743046#.XxdsrJ5KjIU

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About the Fungus Mask We suggest the following selected essays on the matter:

(a)

Ethnomycologie Nepalaise Masques en Polypores – par Guy Durrieu – Mashedh Humar Adhikari & JP Girolami (in Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr., 130 (1-2) p.57-71 2014.

(b)

Lettre Du Toit du Monde Numero 25 Mars 2018 – Les Masques – Champignons du Nepal par Francois Pannier

https://www.letoitdumonde.net/images/lettres/pdf/LETTRE-TDM-25.pdf

(c)

Extraordinary Fungal Masks used by the Indigenous People of North America and Asia – by Robert A. Blanchette (in Fungi volume 10:3 Fall 2017)

https://www.fungimag.com/fall-2017-articles/V10I3%20LR%20Masks%208_12.pdf

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(2)

I QUADERNI DELLA COLLEZIONE

EXTRACTS FROM OUR

PHOTO ARCHIVES

1990 – 2020

155

I Quaderni della Collezione – Nepalese Mask – extract from no 155 – Archivio Fotografico della Collezione Ethnoflorence Indian and Himalayan Folk and Tribal Arts – Photo Ethnoflorence

53

I Quaderni della Collezione – Nepal Middle Hills Mask – extract from no 53 – Archivio Fotografico della Collezione Ethnoflorence Indian and Himalayan Folk and Tribal Arts – Photo Ethnoflorence

Ethnoflorence Indian and Himalayan Folk and Tribal Arts Photo Archive – Mahakala mask detail. Photo Ethnoflorence

Ethnoflorence Indian and Himalayan Folk and Tribal Arts Photo Archive – Mahakala mask – detail – Photo Ethnoflorence

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(3)

Masks of the Day

There are well – known Tibetan Mask on wood – cloth – clay – paper mache – but today we put the attention on three old  Dharmapala masks, painted on leather in the collection of the  Victoria & Albert Museum, in London.

Dharmapala; Costume, painted leather, Tibet, 19th century – Photo credit http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O456593/mask/

Dharmapala; Costume, painted leather, Tibet, 19th century – Photo credit http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O456592/mask/

Dharmapala; Costume, painted leather, Tibet, C19 – Photo credit http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O456594/mask/

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Last Updating 11.17.2020

THE BUDDHISM OF TIBET OR LAMAISM L. AUSTINE WADDEL London 1895

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

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INDIA WEST BENGAL GOMIRA MASK ?type=3&theater

2008-2016

AN INTERDISCIPLINARY POINT OF VIEW

N.976

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Sash of carved Human Bones worn by Lamas in Necromancy.

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Vintage Postcards and Early Bibliography.

A selected iconography

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THE

BUDDHISM OF TIBET

OR

LAMAISM

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with it’s mystic, cults, symbolism and mythlogy, and in its relation to Indian Buddhism

by

L. AUSTINE WADDEL

London

W.H.ALLEN & CO., LIMITED

1895

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Insigna and Weapons of Gods

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Some Actors in the Mysthic Play

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Dance of the Death-Demns in Hemis Monastery

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The Religion King-Devil

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Some Masks

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Lion Dance

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Actors of the Visvantara Play

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Some Actors of the Play of Nan-sa

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Photo http://www.archive.com

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Tibetan LION HEADED DAKINI mask Cham dance

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

himalayan male primitive shaman middle hills masks.JPG

2008 – 2016

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HIMALAYAN MALE MASK

(Mask Inventory no 191)

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VINTAGE POSTCARDS AND EARLY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

A SELECTED ICONOGRAPHY

https://ethnoflorence.wordpress.com/category/vintage-postcards/

&

https://ethnoflorence.wordpress.com/category/bibliography-india-himalaya-a-selection/ 

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The Lion Headed DAKINI in the Tibetan Mystery-Play

THE LION HEADED DAKINI IN THE TIBETAN

MYSTERY-PLAY

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Tibetan DOLPHIN HEADED DAKINI mask Cham dance

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

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2008 – 2016

*************************************

TWO NEPALESE PRIMITIVE MASKS

(Masks Inventory no. 185-186)

MIDDLE HILLS MASK NEPALESE MASQUE.JPG

NEPAL MASQUE PRIMITIF.JPG

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VINTAGE POSTCARDS AND EARLY BIBLIOGRAPHY

A

SELECTED ICONOGRAPHY

https://ethnoflorence.wordpress.com/category/bibliography-india-himalaya-a-selection/

&

https://ethnoflorence.wordpress.com/category/vintage-postcards/

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The Dolphini-Headed Dakini in the Tibetan Mystery-Play

THE DOLPHIN HEADED DAKINI IN THE TIBETAN

MYSTERY PLAY

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Western Tibet The sacred country of Hindus and Buddhist

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

***

N. 855

(1)

BOOK OF THE WEEK

Western Tibet

and

The British Border Land

The sacred country of Hindus and Buddhist

by

Charles A. Sherring

London

Edward Arnold

1906

 

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Tibetan Masked Dancers

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Banging Cymbals – Drum beaten by stick like a reaping hook.

Tibetan Dancers wearing Masks

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Tibetan Dancers

This Party has visited India during the previous cold weather

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Tibetan Dancers

Note the Drum and the Mask in foreground

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Bhotia Women

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The Chum or Rani, wife of the three brothers

The Tiara is of turquoise and coral ; ear – rings of silver and turquoise ;  a silver charm is suspended from the neck ; baeads are fastened to the waist; the long boots are Lhasa made. She is wearing a shirt with an apron , and a long robe with full sleeves. Behind the shoulders the hair is plaited, and the two ends are connected by coloured cord 2 ft. long.

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A Tibetan Wedding : The Bride

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A Tibetan Wedding : The Bridegroom

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Tibetan Charm, Jug, Bell

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Silver charm – casket, with turquoise centre , worn on person – Turquoise ear – ring worn by women – Silver chatelaine worn by woman on the bosom: from left ear-spoon – tooth-pick, brush for clenaing jewellery, flat instrument cleaner, thorn extractor, useful for spreading medicine, tweezers for pulling out hairs on the face. Turquoise in the luky colour and keeps off the evil eye. 12.gif

Jugs for filling water into bowls which stand on the altars in front of the idols. Bells with thunderbolt handles – DORJE – used by lamas in the temples – Sauce pan for pouring melted butter into bowls in which lights burn on the altars. Table with folding flaps. Trumphets made of himan thight – bones used by Lamas in their rites : it has been said that those of criminals are preferred, but those in the picture belonged to HOLY MEN , and similarity the himan skulls represented elsewhere.

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From the left: Tibetan Apron with gold-thread corners worn by woman : silver pendant and silk tassels worn by woman: charms are kepr in the caskets: chatelaine of white and blue beads and tiny brass bells, worn by women – at the side: the tinkling of the bells as the women walk (all wear it) – Silver chram – casket – Silver chatelaine – Common knife and sheat worn by women. Tibetan woman’s tiara made of red cloth mounted with coral and turquoise, both of which are considered lucky. Turquoise ear ring – turquoise fends off the evil eye. Fur cap with ear – flaps worn by men of position. Scarlet hood with light blue silk lining – gold-thread embrodery and blue solk ribbons, worn by high officials when travelling : red and blue are lucky colours.

 14.gif

From the left: Tibetan bowl used for drinking tea. Tibetan pipe jade mouthpiece for smoking tabacco – Tibetan tabacco is exactly like chopped chaff. Tibetan purse. Bowl for drinking : in it are Tibetan coins. Table for domestic use. Purse. Bag. Pipe with onyx mouthpiece. Purse: in the centre hangs a needle -case. Purse with flint, steel and tinder. Bag. Churn and piston-rod for making tea and mixing in it butter, salt and flour.

 15.gif

Thunderbolts – DORJE – used to expel demons by all Lamas in Temple. The Dorje is gripped with finger and thumb in the centre and turned backwards and forwards, while a bell is rung with the other hand. Stone engraved with – OM MANI PADME HUNG – Spoons and ladles used in domestic life, the right one is of brass and the left of silver, with turquoise in the centre: the lower ones are of brass and copper. 

17.gif

Stone engraved with ” OM MANI PADME HUNG” : such stones are thrown in thousands on the heaps. Prayer – wheels with chain and knob to assist the revolutions – Thunderbolts – DORJE – for expelling Demons by All Lamas – Ling Shaped mud image with SHIVA’S TRIDENT – TRISUL – and streamer – Table for domestic use – Bowls made of human skulls in which water or blood is offered and sometimes drunk.

18.gif

A DOKPA WOMAN

She is wearing a robe lined with fur inside and covered with leather outside : her charge for being photographed was fourpence

19.gif

A CAITYA OR DEATH MEMORIAL 

THESE ARE MUD IMAGES OF TIBETAN DEITIES, THE IMPRESS BEING MADE WITH STAMP

They are placed in hundreds by devotees in caves and sacred spots, each of them contains a few grains of corn, which have germinated in some of the above: this practice signifies the immortal hope after death.

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(2)

MASK OF THE DAY

FUNGUS RAI MASKS

SANZA ARTS PREMIERS COLLECTION

BRUXELLES

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Photo credit Sanza Arts Premiers – Bruxelles

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Photo credit Sanza Arts Premiers – Bruxelles

fungus rai mask (2).jpg

fungus rai mask (3).jpg

fungus rai mask (5).jpg

Photo credit Sanza Arts Premiers – Bruxelles

About the Fungus Mask We suggest the following selected essays on the matter:

(a)
Ethnomycologie Nepalaise Masques en Polypores – par Guy Durrieu – Mashedh Humar Adhikari & JP Girolami (in Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr., 130 (1-2) p.57-71 2014.
(b)
Lettre Du Toit du Monde Numero 25 Mars 2018 – Les Masques – Champignons du Nepal par Francois Pannier
https://www.letoitdumonde.net/images/lettres/pdf/LETTRE-TDM-25.pdf
(c)
Extraordinary Fungal Masks used by the Indigenous People of North America and Asia – by Robert A. Blanchette (in Fungi volume 10:3 Fall 2017)
https://www.fungimag.com/fall-2017-articles/V10I3%20LR%20Masks%208_12.pdf

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Last Updating 11.15.2020

Mysterious Tibet New York Tribune Nov 29 1903

ETHNOFLORENCE

N 783

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MYSTERIOUS TIBET

 

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NEW YORK TRIBUNE

SUNDAY NOVEMBER 29 1903

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MASKS OF THE DAY

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Old Masks in the Tibetan

Shannan Trandruk Monastery

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Photo

Erik Torner

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INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN MASKS

A

LIVING TRADITION

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INDIA

Garhwal area

Two masks

in action

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NEPAL

Masked character

in a Magar Village festival

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A

VISIT

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TO THE

KABUL

NATIONAL MUSEUM

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