KHENIS, GHOST EATERS FIGURE IN KAGBENI AND JHARKOT VILLAGES; MOUD MODELLED PRIMITIVE FACES IN TANGBE AND STOD-PA VILLAGES NEPAL

KHENIS, GHOST EATERS FIGURE IN  KAGBENI and JHARKOT VILLAGES, NEPAL

Kagbeni is a fortified two gates medioeval  village located in a strategic place at the cofluence of two river valleys, situated in a fertile area.

During the 19th century the human guards of the gates become superfluous and were replaced with two human figure moulded from clay each  named KHENIS or Ghost Eaters, primitive iconographic subjects probably remanants of the ancient BON religion. (Photo 7)

SEE MORE ON

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/post/7842348/khenis-ghost-eaters-figure-in–kagbeni-villag 

The use of the same figure and  iconography  it’s possible to find also in the village of Jharkot. (Photo 1-6)

 

Kagbeni and Jharkot are the only places in the Nepalese bhuddist area of infleunce in which are moulded complete protective primitive figure as well as the Khenis.

Smilar moud  representations, but limited to simple molded faces, can be found, however, one in the Mustang village of Tangbe, in which there is a face modelled in the moud, carved above the entrance of the village, to symbolise probably an ancestor, documented by Robert Powell.

The other provided by Henri Bancaud, represent’s human grotesque faces moulded on the earthen walls of the village of Stod-pa in the Nymba area, probably ‘used’ to keep away the deceased spirits (according the opinion of B.Goy,  ‘Wood sculpture in Nepal Jokers and Talismans’ 5 Continents edition)

(drawing n 8)

These moud faces have a strong similarity with some of the so called ‘primitive’ masks of the Nepalese areas

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ETHNOFLORENCE INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS PHOTO RCHIVE 1990 2011

 GALERIE LE TOIT DU MONDE

PARIS

HIMACHAL PRADESH MASK EXHIBITION

 

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SEE MORE ON SANZA ARTS PREMIERS

http://sanza.skynetblogs.be/archive/2011/03/29/toit.html

 

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ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

PHOTO ARCHIVE

1990 2011

 

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NEPAL INDIAN WESTERN BENGALA MASKS RAJBANSI TERAI MASKS SEMI TRIBAL GROUP CALLED Koch in Nepal. 印度面具 尼泊尔面具 ネパールのマスク インドのマスク

Rajbanshi people are a semi-tribal group called in Nepal Koch, and linked with the Hinduised iconography.

印度面具 尼泊尔面具 ネパールのマスク インドのマスク

The masks of the Terai are still today negleted.

About Naxalbari,  in the early 90’s,  a strategic centre of the West Bengal’s for the tribal antiques from Bihar, Bengal and Terai, located few kilometres to Kakarvitta in Nepal and 13 hour journey to Katmandu the central transit point for the Indo-Himalayan art see more on

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/archive/2011/03/11/naxalbari-a-strategic-centre-of-the-90-s-for-the-indian-and.html

Rajbanshi masks an hidden heritage part II

PART I SEE MORE ON

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/archive/2011/03/12/nepal-masks-rajbansi-terai-masks-semi-tribal-group-called-ko.html

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Ethnoflorence Indian and Himalayan folk and tribal arts photo  Archive 1990 2010

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Wooden Steles of the Tharu people, tribal cult of the female and male divinityes Cabahwaguni and Daharcand

The presence of a couple, from an iconographic point of view, it’s one of the constant elements that we can to find in the wooden carved steles of the Tharu people,  linked with the  cult of the female and male divinityes Cabahwaguni and Daharcandi .

Gisèle Krauskopff, Maîtres et possédés – Les rites et l’ordre social chez les Tharu (Népal) 

 Editions du CNRS, Meudon, Juin 1989

The style of these carvings can vary from the realistic till the  nearly geometric representation of the human figure
 Ethnoflorence and Ethnoeidos Indian and Himalayan Folk and Tribal Arts Photo Archive
 1990 2010
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SANTAL TRIBAL ART DETAILS FROM 4 VERTICAL PANELS

 

SANTAL TRIBAL ART A RESUME SEE MORE ON

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/archive/2010/02/01/tribal-arts-of-the-santal-people-the-tribal-art-of-middle-in.html

SANTAL PARGANAS PEOPLE CARVED WOODEN PANELS OF THE WEDDING (LITTERS) PALKEE AND A STILISTIC COMPARATION  WITH SOME THARU PEOPLE PANELS SEE MORE ON

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/archive/2009/06/30/santal-parganas-people-carved-wodden-panels-of-the-wedding-l.html

SANTAL BANAM DHODRO BANAM SEE MORE ON

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/archive/2008/08/01/21-dhodro-banam-santal-banam-santal-people-lutes-anthropomor.html

SANTAL FLUTES SEE MORE ON

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/archive/2008/08/19/4-tribal-santal-flutes-santal-people-tribal-art-4-rari-flaut.html

SANTAL CHADOR BADONI

http://ethnoflorence.skynetblogs.be/archive/2011/02/03/chador-badoni-santhal-people-indian-puppets-santhal-tribal-a.html

DETAILS FROM 4 SANTAL VERTICAL PANELS

ETHNOFLORENCE and ETHNOEIDOS

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

PHOTO ARCHIVE

1990 2010

 

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THARU WOODEN CARVED WINDOW. TERAI NEPAL TRIBAL ART

Rare Tharu wooden carved  complete  Window.

The iconographic theme of the carving it’s part geometrical and part figurative, with human figure standing on horses and elephants.

 (photo 1-2 and 6-9)

A common theme that it’s possible to find also in the wooden carved pillars linked with the  cult of the female and male divinityes Cabahwaguni and Daharcandi (Gisèle Krauskopff, Maîtres et possédés – Les rites et l’ordre social chez les Tharu (Népal) – Editions du CNRS, Meudon, Juin 1989).

(photo 3)

More difficult to document this kind of iconography in the Tharu sculpture, we edit one of these, part of a couple, representing a man on an elephant.

Probably part of a more complex structure (the items are cut at the base and at the top).

(photo 4)

Interesting it’s also the iconography of a  female figure standing on an elephant, carving top of a pole, probably linked with the fertility cult. Something close to the so called Tharu fertility panels, and probably part of one of these devotional structure.

(photo 5)

Photo Ethnoflorence Indian and Himalayan folk and tribal arts photo archive and Ethnoeidos Himalayan photo Archive.

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