The village gods of South India Whitehead, Henry Calcutta 1921

The village gods of South India 

Whitehead, Henry

Calcutta :

Association Press ; London ; Toronto : H. Milford

(1921)

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CLAY HORSES OF AIYANAR

 

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GRAMA DEVATA SHRINE

 

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INTERIOR OF A SHRINE WITH SRONES PROBABLY SIMBOL OF THE SEVEN SISTERS

 

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KARAGAM

 

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RUDE SHRINE AT ROOT

OF TREE

WITH BARE AS SYMBOL

 

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RUDE SHRINE

 

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MINACHI AND THE SEVEN SISTER, CUDDALORE

 

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SHRINE OF POLERAMMA

 

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SHRINE AND IMAGES OF BISAL MARI

 

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http://archive.org/details/thevillagegodsof00whituoft

http://archive.org

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Ceremony of washing the Goddess Cali, and the idol Jagan-Nath

Ceremony

of washing the Goddess Cali, and

the idol

Jagan-Nath

 

 

Indian coloured drawings; a Collection of 160 original paintings on “talc,” etc., with 17 engravings, illustrating costume, 

vehicles and trades in India

 

J. Chapman

 

1809

 

 

 

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http://digitalgallery.nypl.org

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NEPAL. CHAMANISME ET SCULPTURE TRIBALE. Christian Lequindre Marc Petit.

NEPAL

CHAMANISME ET SCULPTURE TRIBALE

CHRISTIAN LEQUINDRE

MARC PETIT

*

In Jumla, one of the oldest cities in Western region of Nepal, a festival (Mela) is held in principle every year to celebrate the victory of Hindu gods against the Lakhey and Bhakkus, representing ancient tribal beliefs.

Documents extracted from a documentary filmed in 2005 in Jumla district.

Photos and text courtesy of

Christian Lequindre

. www.nepaltribalart.com

01

 The Daule protects from malevolent spirits and also from the rats. A secret name is given to the Daule by the dhami.

Les Daulé protègent des esprits-prèdateurs mais aussi des rats. Un nom secret leur est attribué par le dhami.

Il Daule protegge la casa dagli spiriti maligni ma anche dai topi. Un nome segreto gli è conferito dal Dhami.

 

02

A wooden structure on wich the Daule are attached using various techniques.

A droite, l’axe principal sur lequel les statues peuvent etre fixées par différentes techniques.

Una struttura in legno nella quale sono attaccate usando varie tecniche i Daule.

03

In the center of the temple lies an abstract sculpture and a stone both show sign of blood sacrifice.

Une sculpture abstraite et une pierre sont au centre du templion. Des sacrifices sanglants leur on été offerts.

Nel centro del templio è posta una scultura dalle fattezze astratte e una pietra, entrambi mostrano i segni di sacrifici animali.

04

Blood stains seen on the stone and anthropomorphic sculture.

Pierre et sculpture anthropomorphe maculées de sang.

I resti di sacrifici animali si rivengono sulla pietra e scultura antropomorfa.

05

The Sarki caste is originally specialized in leatherwork. In more recent times, they have been working with wood. Mr Runa Sarki continues to carve wooden statues for the community.

Runa Sarki sculpte encore des statues pour la communauté. Les Sarki, à l’origine une caste spécialisée dans le travail du cuir se sont reconvertis dans d’autres domaines, en particulier le travail du bois.

La casta dei Sarki, tradizionalmente specializzata nella lavorazione del cuoio, in tempi recenti ha iniziato a lavorare anche il legno. Mr Runa Sarki scolpisce sculture in legno per le necessità della comunità

06

Shamanic altars displaying the bells, collars of rudraksha and a small statue of  Guro.

Autel chamanique avec le indispensables cloches, coiliers de rudraksha, et petites statuettes de Guro.

In questo piccolo ‘altare’ sciamanico si possono osservare delle campane in bronzo, una collana di rudraksha e una piccola statua in bronzo di Guro.

07

Humla Festival, A Hindu man playing a female shaman-dhamini.

Une pseudo chamane dhamini.

Uno dei caratteri del festival della regione di Humla, il soggetto rappresentato è una caricatura di una donna degli sciamani-dhamini.

08

Courageously the Lakhe faces the Hindu Gods.

Courageusement le Lakhé provoque et affronte les Dieux hindous.

Il demone Lakhe fronteggia coraggiosamente le divinità Hindu.

09

Set apart from the main groups, a masked character wearing rags plays the erratic fool. He receives much attention and respect from the spactactors.

En marge de tous le Groupes, un acteur masqé, vetu de hailons arpente la rue principale, se desarticulant en soubresauts inattendus. Lui aussi recueille beaucoup d’attention et de respect de la part de spectateurs.

Isolato dalle rappresentazioni dei gruppi maggiori di figuranti, il carattere del folle errante riceve attenzione e respetto da parte degli spettatori.

010

Bhakku are played by the lowest castes, on the Hindu social scale. In this example the Kami, who specialize in metal work, continue this tradition.

Les Bhakku sont incarnés par les castes le plus basses dans l’échelle sociale hindoue. De nos jours principalement les Kami, spécialistes di travail du metal et plus particuliérement du fer, poursuivent la tradition.

011

Some of the troop.

Une partie seulement de la troupe.

Una parte dei figuranti del festival.

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Chhintang and Akuwa Chhintang are located in the Dhankuta district.

 In the eastern regions, contrary to what is generally accepted, anthropomorphic sculptures in wood are also present as protection of springs, for crossing a bridges or funeral effigies.

This region is mainly populated by Bantawa Rai, they still practice masked dances (Makhundo Kel) during various occasions.

Documents extracted from a documentary filmed in 2005 in Dhankuta district.

Photos and text courtesy of Christian Lequindre.

www.nepaltribalart.com

012

Before crossing some bridges, travellers rest on wooden platforms donated by local patrons. These rest aereas are adorned by effigies of the donor.

Avant le passage d’un pont, de longs bancs de bois forment des plateformes pour y déposer le lourdes charges. Ils sont souvent associés à une effigie protectrice, portrait d’ancetre donateur de ces aires de repos.

In prossimità dei ponti, si possono trovare delle piattaforme in legno per il riposo dei viandanti, queste strutture possono essere adornate dalle effigi dei donatori.

 

013

Sim Nag is placed at the center. These sculptures are associated with the worship of the serpent gods Nag-Nagini, rulers of the underworld.

Les fermettes disposent de piéces d’eau  avec  au centre, une déité ophidienne Sim Nag, associée au culte des Nag-Nagini, couple de serpents suoverains des mondes souterrains.

Scultura associata al culto della divinità oppidiana Nag-Nagini è posta al centro di un piccolo specchio d’acqua.

014

Statues et masques de lignées sont disposés à l’extérieur par le mai tre de maison.

Statues and masks depicting lineage are displayed by the host.

015

The ghyampa filled with fermented millet-jar are related to the worships of the ancestors who passed on the secrets of fermentation.

Les Ghyampa sont éminemment liés aux cultes des ancetres fondateurs qui leur ont transmis les secrets de la fermentation.

I Ghyampa sono essenzialmente connessi al culto degli antenati che  gli hanno trasmesso i segreti della fermentazione.

016

Statue protégeant l’accés à l’étage, espace très privé de la maison.

Statue protecting access to the private upper floor.

Statua protettrice posta a protezione del piano privato della abitazione.

018

Duwacha, ou Jogekung, à la longue barbe, et Mechacha masques. 

017

Offerings of butter lamps, rice, flowers, red pigment, sindoor, alcohol of millet and other foods are used to end the ceremony.

Des offrandes de lampes à beurre, de riz, de fleurs, de pigment rouge-sindur, d’alcool de millet et de nourriture clotureront cette cérémonie.

La fine della cerimonia è segnata da una precisa tipologia di offerte .

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About the

Authors

of 

NEPAL

SHAMANISM AND TRIBAL SCULPTURE

9782884747059[1]

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MARC PETIT

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 Writer and collector, he has donated a collection of masks from Nepal to the Musée des Arts Premiers Quai Branly, Paris. 

Among his books:

 A Masque découvert, regards sur les arts primitifs de l’Himalaya , Stock, 1995.

 La Statuaire archaïque du Népal occidental , Renaud Vanuxem, 2006.

 Le Masque de la Chine , Musée Jacquemart André, Actes Sud, 2007.

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CHRISTIAN LEQUINDRE

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Photographer and collector, he has been resident in Nepal since the 1980s.

He carried out multiple field studies between 1995 and 2005 and produced three documentaries on different masks traditions in Nepal.

He has also directed the Annapurna Gallery in Paris from 1989 to 1995.

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Publisher 

Infolio

http://www.nepaltribalart.com/index.asp?p=100

 

The Hill of Flutes – Life, Love and Poetry in Tribal India Archer George Allen & Unwin Ltd London 1974

 

SANTAL TRIBAL ARTS PREMIERS PRIMITIVE SANTHAL SANTALI FLUTES MUSIC SANTAL BANAM DHODRO BANAM LUTES OF THE SANTAL BANAM INDIA TRIBAL ART CULTURE.jpg

The Hill of Flutes – Life, Love and Poetry in Tribal India.

 

Archer, W.G.

 

George Allen & Unwin Ltd

 

London

 

1974

 

This Book Gives A Full Descriptive Account Of The Santals And Their Poetry, Explains Their World Views, The Tribal Code 

Of Conduct, The Education Of Their Youth Through Riddles, Proverbs And Games, The Rules Which Govern Pre-Martial Romance 

With A Detailed Analysis Of Their Attitude To Love And Sex.

 

 

RELATED WORDS

 

aunt Baha festival banyan bitlaha body bonga girl boy and girl boy’s branch bride buffaloes ceremony child circle clan 

clitoris cloth courtyard dance daughter dead dhoti divorced drums Dumka elder brother father fish Five-Six flowers flute 

forest Forest songs fowl ghar jawae girl’s give goat goes grove hair hand Hansdak Haram head headman Hembrom hunt husband 

Jaher jan guru Jarpa jogmanjhi Karam Karmu lagre leaves legs little later lover mahua Manjhi manjhithan Maran Buru Marandi

marriage married mother mountain Murmu night paddy parents party penis Pilcu pipal plantain priest Raimat rice rice-beer 

ritual river Rongo round rupees sacred grove Santal boys Santal girl semen Sibu sing sister Sohrae festival sometimes songs 

Soren Thakur took tree tribal Tudu tumdak turmeric vagina vermilion Verrier Elwin village wash wedding wife witch woman 

women

 

acres annas average Baidyanath Barkop Bengal Bhagalpur Bhagalpur district Birbhum bongas Brahman brought bungalows called 

census cent chief Cleveland consists courts crops cultivation Damin Damin-i-koh Demno Deoghar Deoghar subdivision Deputy 

Commissioner district Dumka Dumka subdivision East Indian Railway feet festival forests Ganges girl Godda Godda subdivision 

Gosain Government Gumani headman held Hindu India inhabitants Jamtara jungle Khan Kharwar Khetauri labour land latter 

lingam Mahili mahud Maler Manihari manjhi marriage married ment Muhammadans Murshidabad naeke officers orop Paharias Pakaur 

Pakaur subdivision persons police population portion proprietor race Raja Rajmahal Hills Regulation rent revenue rice rioe 

river road rupee ryots sacrifice Sahibganj Santal Parganas settled settlement Shah Shah Shuja Singh square miles tappa 

temple Thakur tion tract traditions trees tribe valleys village whioh wife worship zamindars

 

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a

Tribal myths of Orissa Specimens of the oral literature of middle India Verrier Elwin Oxford University Press 1954

ETHNOFLORENCE

INDIAN AND HIMALAYAN

FOLK AND TRIBAL ARTS

2008 – 2016

D 8.jpg

Tribal myths of Orissa

 

Specimens of the oral literature of middle India

 

Verrier Elwin

 

Oxford University Press

 

1954

 

RELATED KEYES WORDS

 

angry animals asked Baiga bamboo bathe began belly Bhagavan BHATTRA Bhima Bhimsen Bimma BINJHWAR birds blood body Bondo born brothers called caught cloth cooked dance Darni Pinnu daughter Deota Deur Dharmo Didayi died ears earth eldest fell fire fish flowers forest fruit Gadaba Ganjam District gave girl give gods Gond gourd grain grew ground hair head HILL SAORA Hindu husband Ispur Mahaprabhu JHORIA Juang jungle Kalahandi District Khariar killed Kittung Koraput District KUTTIA KOND lived looked Mahadeo Mahaprabhu married monkey Moon mother Muria night Nirantali Orissa Paramugatti PARENGA Parvati picked placenta plough Raja Ramma Rani rice river Rumrok sacrifice Sambalpur District sambhar Saphaganna seed shaman sister snake stone stories thev thought threw tiger told took tree tribes turned village wife woman women wood youngest

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Primitive man and his world picture Translated by Edith Raybould Wilhelm Koppers Sheed and Ward, 1952

PRIMITIVE ART PREMIERS TRIBAL ART NEW YORK PARIS BRUXELLES AFRICAN TRIBAL ART HIMALAYA TIBET NEPAL RELIGION ART.jpg

Primitive man and his world picture

 

Translated by Edith Raybould

 

by

 

Wilhelm Koppers

 

Sheed and Ward

 

1952

 

RELATED KEYES WORDS

 

Africa already animal anthropologists Anthropos Aryan assume belief Bhagavantaru Bhagwan Bhils biological biologists Brahma Buddhism Chenchu conception connection course culture deity deus otiosus early elements ethnologists ethnology evolution evolutionist evolved existence exogamy expressed fact fall from innocence Father Fiirer-Haimendorf fossil Fuegians Garelamaisama genetic gods Graebner groups Hindu historian historical hominids Homo sapiens human ibid idea India investigation known Koppers Kraft later Lebzelter living Lowie magic man’s mankind mental method missionary monotheism myth nature Neandertal Neandertaloid notion oldest opinion organic origin Palaeolithic phenomena Piltdown Portmann prayers prehistorians prehistoric primitive races primitive tribes probably problem Professor proved Pygmies question recent recognize regarded religion religious remains remark Rig Veda sapiens type Schmidt scholars scientific scientists Selk’nam skulls social spirit Supreme Swanscombe theory things Tierra del Fuego trace tradition Ursprung Veda Watauinaiwa Weidenreich worship Yamana

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ORIENTAL ART NEW YORK Arts From The Rooftop of Asia Tibet, Nepal, Kashmir CHOW FONG NEW YORK THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART ORIENTAL ART NEW YORK Arts From The Rooftop of Asia Tibet, Nepal, Kashmir CHOW FONG NEW YORK THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART

 

ARTS FROM THE ROOTFOP OF ASIA NEW YORK METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 1971 NEW YORK HIMALAYAN ART PREMIERS PRIMITIVE ART TIBATAN ART FOLK ART NEW YORK ASIAN COLLECTION COLLECTOR MUSEE ASIATIQUE ARTE ASIATICA CHOW FONG CAST.jpg

 

ARTS FROM THE ROOFTOP OF ASIA

NEPAL TIBET KASHMIR

Chow  Fong

 

New York

 

Exhibition catalogue of the show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

1971

 

Introductory essay and 92 entries, each accompanied by black & white illustration. 

 

SEE HERE THE PDF OF THE EXHIBITION

 

http://www.metmuseum.org/pubs/bulletins/1/pdf/3258690.pdf.bannered.pdf

 

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